# THE BENEFITS OF THE ABACUS

• Engaging in memorization
• Eye-hand coordination
• Problem solving
• Helps improve perception

Math is one of the most challenging areas in education, and teaching it to children can be difficult at first. Using tools such as the Abacus helps create an easy environment to visually and tactilely understand and learn concepts such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and even division.  These are the key elements that form the basis of higher mathematics, and making math more accessible and easier to comprehend at an early age yields obvious and very real benefits.

The Abacus is easily one of the most utilized tools ever made throughout history.  Its existence dates back many centuries, and yet it continues to benefit the youth today as it did the population at large back then.  What makes it so unique is its simplicity of use coupled with its flexibility of application. You can take each bead from the abacus and use it to do basic math very quick and easy, while providing visual affirmation of the underlying concepts.  Though effectively early calculators used by everyone, today Abacus are generally made to appeal to a younger audience, with bright colors, different sizes, and sometimes even included math kits made of the blocks.  They help children grow their understanding in an environment where they can consider what surrounds them logically and numerically, and apply that knowledge into real world situations.  Utilizing several beads on each line of the Abacus helps the child visually keep track of these advanced concepts when sliding each one either left or right to count or calculate in real time.

Use of tools such as an Abacus engages children in problem solving and memorization in an entertaining way. When they are presented with problems and situations that the device can be used to solve, it gives a sense of accomplishment along with the underlying confidence of learning.  This can be something simple, like dividing to share at school and home, or even the beginnings of  basic algebra.  It helps improve perception skills and eye-hand coordination by observing the manipulation of numerical patterns and ingrains the understanding of these processes.  The use of an Abacus can help bring these understandings from the immediate physical/visual stimulation during play, to evolving into a purely mental ability to use solving whatever exercise or challenge comes their way in life.

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